Status and Terms

Posted on July 28, 2010


Right of Abode

Additionally, right of abode is conferred on Commonwealth and British Subjects and are those who are :

  • were born before 1983 with a UK-born mother (those born before 1983 and legitimately descended from a UK-born father are British citizens, whether or not they are Commonwealth citizens/British subjects); or
  • were adopted before 1983 by a UK-born mother; or
  • were married before 1983 to a man who had right of abode (therefore this particular provision applies to women only).

For this purpose, the UK includes the Republic of Ireland prior to 1 April 1922.

No person born in 1983 or later can have the right of abode unless he or she is a British citizen.

Right of Abode is automatic for those who are British citizens

Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR)

Is an immigration status granted to a person who does not hold right of abode in the United Kingdom (UK), but who has been admitted to the UK without any time limit on his or her stay and who is free to take up employment or study, without restriction. When indefinite leave is granted to persons outside the United Kingdom it is known as indefinite leave to enter (ILE).

Permanent Residency

Permanent residency refers to a person’s  status: the person is allowed to reside indefinitely within a country of which he or she is not a citizen. A person with such status is known as a permanent resident.

Either through indefinite leave to remain (ILE) or Right of Abode(ROA) or permanent residents for the European Union.